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The Georgia legislature signs a charter designating the University of Georgia as America's first state-chartered university and appoints Abraham Baldwin, the charter's originator, as UGA's first president. John Milledge buys 633 acres at Cedar Shoals on the Oconee River and donates the tract of land for the University of Georgia campus. UGA's second president Josiah Meigs holds the first classes in a log cabin in early fall. Clarke County, named after Revolutionary War hero Elijah Clarke, is created in December. The first class of nine students graduates from the University. Tradition of the local sheriff leading dignitaries, faculty, and students to commencement ceremonies begins. The cities of Athens and Watkinsville, the county seat, are incorporated. Franklin College—named for Ben Franklin and later renamed Old College—becomes the first permanent structure on campus. Moses Waddel, a Presbyterian minister and one of UGA's most active presidents, increases enrollment to 100 and institutes strict rules, including no body servants, guns, horses, or whiskey on campus. Railroad service finally reaches Clarke County at Carr's Hill. It is the only railroad line extending into Northeast Georgia at the time. Funds from the sale of UGA's first botanical garden (established in 1833) are used to build a wrought-iron fence and Arch gate around North Campus. Purpose: to keep out livestock. Alfred Richardson and Madison Davis, two former slaves, are the first black men to represent Clarke County in the state legislature. Athens native Ben T. Epps designs, builds and flies the first airplane in Georgia, thereby becoming the first Southern aviator. He also opens the Athens airport. Monroe "Pink" Morton opens Morton Theatre on Washington Street. Today, it is the only black vaudeville theatre left on the National Register of Historic Places. Henry Grady Palmour, a UGA senior, becomes the last passenger of an Athens streetcar, as buses take over public transportation. UGA chancellor S.V. Sanford rehires two professors fired under Gov. Eugene Talmadge's administration for supporting desegregation. Their dismissal nearly costs the University its accreditation. Junior Ladies Garden Club plants a sapling from an acorn of The Tree that Owns Itself at the corner of Dearing and Finley Streets. The original tree collapsed from high winds in 1942. Sonny and Cecilia Seiler begin the Uga athletic mascot dynasty after Dan Magill spots the couple's English bulldog at a UGA football game the previous season. After a long court battle, Charlayne Hunter and Hamilton Holmes become the first two black undergraduate students to be admitted to the University. A new law allowing the sale of liquor is approved—and also sets a record for the largest voter turnout for a Clarke County referendum. A nameless band performs for the first time at St. Mary's Episcopal Church on Oconee Street for a friend's birthday. R.E.M. goes on to worldwide super-stardom, and is still based in Athens. Athens-Clarke County Unified Government is established, the 28th such city-county consolidation in the U.S. Visitors and media from around the world descend on Athens, as UGA provides venues for Olympic volleyball, soccer, and rhythmic gymnastics for '96 Atlanta Games. Athens-based Widespread Panic sets a record for the largest album release party in history when their outdoor concert in front of the 40 Watt Club draws 100,000 fans. Athens is the first stop in the Olympic Torch Relay for the 2002 Winter Olympics in Salt Lake City after the relay begins in Atlanta.